People in predominantly Muslim nations overwhelmingly agree that engaging in sex before marriage is unacceptable, with nine-in-ten or more in Indonesia, Jordan, Pakistan, the Palestinian territories, Turkey and Egypt believing this.

Meanwhile, people in Western Europe are more accepting.

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In contrast, relatively few hold this view in the European Union nations surveyed, including roughly 10% or less in Spain, France, Germany and Britain.

Even in several socially conservative Middle Eastern nations, relatively few consider divorce unacceptable, including around 10% or fewer in Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon.

Nine-in-ten or more hold this view in seven nations.

However, Europeans are much less likely to say homosexuality is unacceptable – this is especially true in Spain, Germany, the Czech Republic, France, Britain, and Italy, where about 20% or fewer express this opinion.

That one exception is in France, where 47% consider an affair immoral, while 40% say it is not a moral issue and 12% say affairs are morally acceptable.

A median of about six-in-ten people across 40 nations say that gambling is unacceptable.Publics in Western Europe, Australia, Canada, and Japan are more likely to say abortion is morally acceptable or not a moral issue.Globally, there is little variation on this question by gender.Generally, African and predominantly Muslim countries tend to find most of these activities morally unacceptable, while in advanced economies, such as those in Western Europe, Japan, and North America, people tend to be more accepting or to not consider these moral issues at all.Explore the individual country responses for all these values on the following pages.Roughly 10% or fewer in Germany, France, and Spain say premarital sex is morally unacceptable.