These provisions have extra-territorial effect in relation to the location of the adult or the child, by the use of the words 'either in Queensland or elsewhere'.

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The investigations involved police officers posing as girls aged between 13 and 16 accessing the internet in order to uncover adults who were seeking to procure children online for sexual activity.

The results of this study show the aggressive and rapid way that children are targeted by adults for sexual purposes.

In 76 per cent of cases the suspect was arrested for an offence within one month of the first online contact.

In 68 per cent of cases the adult sought offline contact with the child.

However, a maximum penalty of 10 years applies if the child is, or is believed by the adult to be, less than 12 years of age.

In March 2002, Queensland Police began an undercover operation against a person whom they had discovered in a chat room seeking underage girls for sex.

At the time of the investigation, section 218A of the Criminal Code (Qld) was not in force; however, other offences subsequently came to light.

Police received a complaint of sexual abuse which occurred in another state upon a 14-year-old female victim who had met her abuser on the internet.

While the relevant laws vary across Australia, the possible charges fall into four categories: .

The Act inserted section 218A into the Queensland Criminal Code.

The provision makes it an offence for an adult to use electronic communication (such as email, internet chat rooms, SMS messages, real time audio/video or other similar communication) with the intention of procuring a person under the age of 16 years (or whom the adult believes to be under 16 years) to engage in a sexual act.