While the relevant laws vary across Australia, the possible charges fall into four categories: .

Computers connected to the internet provide a number of ways to communicate in real time with other people who can be anywhere, including across the room, hallway, road, city, state, country or world.

Various facilities are available to search out others with similar backgrounds or interests.

It reports on the 25 investigations into online grooming completed by the Queensland Police in the period June 2003 and September 2004 under the code name Task Force Argos.

The purpose of this study is to better understand how online grooming offences are committed and how they can be policed.

Whether or not it is an offence depends on the available law.

In cases of attempting to commit a sexual offence, there will also be a question of fact to answer - that is, whether the adult has taken steps towards carrying out their intent.If a child enters an online chat room they may encounter an adult person, who may or may not be pretending to be a child, but who is on the lookout for a child to whom they can 'talk dirty', send obscene images, obtain sexually explicit pictures, engage in cybersex or meet for sex offline.The adult might strike up a conversation which very soon progresses to a sexually explicit topic.Nor does the prosecution have to prove that the adult intended a particular sexual act.It is no defence if it is in fact impossible for the child to engage in the sexual act intended.Foreword | This paper reports the experience of Queensland police in the investigation of predatory behaviour by men seeking sex with children through online chat rooms.