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Peary Charan Sarkar, a former student of Hindu College, Calcutta and a member of "Young Bengal", set up the first free school for girls in India in 1847 in Barasat, a suburb of Calcutta (later the school was named Kalikrishna Girls' High School).While this might suggest that there was no positive British contribution during the Raj era, that is not entirely the case.
Women's rights are secured under the Constitution of India — mainly, equality, dignity, and freedom from discrimination; further, India has various statutes governing the rights of women., the President of India, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha and the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha (Lower House of the parliament) were women.
However, women in India continue to face numerous problems, including violent victimisation through rape, acid throwing, dowry killings, honor killings, marital rape, and the forced prostitution of young girls.
to the promotion of equal rights by many reformers, their history has been eventful.
In modern India, women have held high offices including that of the President, Prime Minister, Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Leader of the Opposition, Union Ministers, Chief Ministers and Governors.
The Gond queen Durgavati(1524-1564) ruled for fifteen years before losing her life in a battle with Mughal emperor Akbar's general Asaf Khan in 1564.
Chand Bibi defended Ahmednagar against the powerful Mughal forces of Akbar in the 1590s.
Shivaji's mother, Jijabai, was queen regent because of her ability as a warrior and an administrator. In South India, many women administered villages, towns, and divisions, and ushered in new social and religious institutions.
Traditions such as Sati, Jauhar, and Devadasi among some communities have been banned and are largely defunct in modern India.
Devadasi is often misunderstood as religious practice. Women were "married" to a deity or temple, disallowing them from ever marrying a mortal.
After this, the women were sold into sex work, 'devoting themselves to a life of service to the goddess'.
The practice was followed by the wives of defeated Rajput rulers, who are known to place a high premium on honour.