Yohanna reports that in 1970 Martin received a “vision from the Lord: two electrifying, simple words stretched across the sky in the form of a banner, bringing into focus and confirming what we had been sensing over the years: MESSIANIC JUDAISM.” Gannon opened new Jewish outreaches in the San Francisco Bay Area from 1975 to 1979, and “later pioneered and pastored Messianic congregations in Long Island (1980) and Queens (1983) as well as directing Beth Emanuel Fellowship in Northeast Philadelphia from 1983 to 1988.” “Before moving to Jerusalem to co-pastor King of Kings Assembly in 1989, Dr.

Gannon taught missions and Jewish studies at Central Bible College, Valley Forge Christian College, and the Christ for the Nations Biblical Institute (New York campus). graduates in Messianic Leadership.” In addition to teaching and developing Messianic Jewish educational programs Gannon worked for some seven years as a translator and team translator as part of a four-man theological editing team for the Tree of Live Bible (TLV) produced by the Messianic Jewish Bible Society (MJBS).

Gaebelein, eventually repudiated his views and, as a result, was able to become a leader in the mainstream Christian evangelical movement.

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Yohanna Chernoff writes that the establishment of the YHCA, “proved to be a very timely innovation, since Jewish youth were being saved in visible numbers and were seeking fellowship with others like themselves.” During this time Manny “changed his base of operations from Chicago to Florida and began producing materials to foster an emphasis on Jewish heritage and culture.

The name of his Shalom International was changed to Messianic Jewish Movement International (MJMI), while Ruth Fleischer notes that “Brotman had perhaps the clearest vision of the Messianic congregation.

Through the continued generosity of JVMI, the MJSP at TKU has become a quality undergraduate and graduate Messianic Jewish Studies option for serious students. Juster is a strong advocate for the Messianic movement to have an appreciation for the heritage of the Christian church even as their primary cultural expression is Jewish.

The First Hebrew Christian Church was renamed Adat Hatikvah in 1975 under Juster’s leadership as “Dan caught a vision of expressing his faith in Yeshua in a more Jewish way and shifted to worship on Shabbat, keeping the Jewish holidays, and a positive attitude toward Torah.” After Manny Brotman resigned as the spiritual leader of Beth Messiah Congregation (greater Washington D. area) the congregation chose Juster to be their leader after hearing him speak at the Messiah ’77 conference. A kind and gentle individual, Juster was a teacher, a pastor and a mediator.

As a founding father figure Manny produced “the first pictorial Messianic Catalog in the modern movement” and he “pioneered and popularized the use of Messianic terminology, Messianic evangelism materials and training, planting Messianic congregations and Messianic Jewish television and radio.” Martin and Yohanna became committed to the efforts of the Hebrew Christian Alliance of America (HCAA) to maintain Jewish identity while attending the HCAA conference in Chattanooga, Tennessee in 1965.

This was another step in their transformation from a Hebrew Christian identity to a Messianic Jewish identity.These are Manny Brotman, Martin and Yohanna Chernoff, Ray Gannon, and Dan Juster.Brotman, Manny (1938-1999), was a talented individual who excelled in everything he undertook.I needed to be able to honestly profess that we were not an appendage, subsidiary, affiliate, or offshoot of any Christian (Gentile) denomination or ministry. We absolutely were not a “church.” For this reason, if we identified as, “Beth Messiah, a Messianic Synagogue” immediately followed by, “affiliated with the Hebrew Christian Alliance of America,” it would seem an inherent contradiction in our stated goal. ” This idea of a Jewish identity and more specifically a Messianic Jewish identity was the main purpose of the effort to change the name of the Hebrew Christian Alliance of America (HCAA) to Messianic Jewish Alliance of America (MJAA).Dan Juster comments on this by saying that “Hebrew Christianity, at times, saw Jewishness as merely an ethnic identity, whereas Messianic Judaism saw its Jewish life and identity as a continued call of God.” David Rausch further explains that “(t)he name change, however, signified far more than a semantical expression—it represented an evolution in the thought processes and religious and philosophical outlook toward a more fervent expression of Jewish identity.” While there are many individuals who made an impact on the movement there are several key figures.Three factors played an especially important part in turning their world upside down: a social movement (i.e., the youth counterculture), a cultural trend (i.e., ethnic self-assertion and pride), and a political-military event (i.e., the Six-Day War).” The social and cultural movements can be seen in the Jesus movement which had its “beginning on the West Coast of the United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s and spreading primarily throughout North America, Europe, and Central America, before subsiding by the late 1980s.