Pedophiles use the Internet to plan their trips by seeking out and trading information about opportunities for child sex tourism and where the most vulnerable children can be found, generally in areas of low income.

A few governments have enacted laws to allow prosecution of its citizens for child sexual abuse committed outside of their home country.

Child sex tourism, part of the multibillion-dollar global sex tourism industry, is a form of child prostitution within the wider issue of commercial sexual exploitation of children.

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There are preferential abusers who prefer children because they perceive the risk of sexually transmitted infections to be lower.

There are also situational users, which are users who do not actively seek out children but for whom the actual act is opportunistic; there may be a lack of concern to check the age of a prostitute before engaging in sexual activity.

However, while laws against child sex tourism may deter situational offenders who may act impulsively, pedophiles who travel specifically for the purpose of exploiting children are not easily deterred.

Child sex tourism has also been complicated by varying ages of consent laws where, for example, the age of consent is 13 in Japan while it is 21 in Bahrain (see ages of consent in Asia).

In Costa Rica, according to available information, between the 19, the Child Exploitation Unit had arrested a total of 74 persons on suspicion of commercial sexual exploitation of children. Together with Avaaz.org, Terre des Hommes Netherlands has created an online petition to pressure governments to adopt proactive investigation policies in order to protect children against webcam child sex tourism.

Of those arrested, 56 were Costa Rican nationals and 18 foreign nationals". In recent years there has been an increase in the prosecution of child sex tourism offenses.In 2012, the Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography reported : "Countries of origin of international child sex tourists vary depending on the regions, but the demand is usually recognized as coming from the industrialized countries, including the richer countries of Europe, North America, the Russian Federation, Japan, Australia and New Zealand. At year's end the investigation was continuing in coordination with foreign law enforcement officials." Another US State Department report states (page 85) "In a newer trend, some arranged fishing expeditions to the Amazon were organized for the purpose of child sex tourism for European and American exploiters." According to the Federal Bureau of Investigations estimate, there are 750,000 predators online at any given time in 40,000 public chat rooms.Australians, for instance, have been identified as the largest group of sex tourists prosecuted in Thailand (31 per cent of the total). sex offenders intend to travel, and likewise encourage other countries to keep sex offender lists and to notify the U. when a known sex offender may be coming to the United States for sex tourism. State Department Report states "At midyear Federal Police in Manaus began investigating allegations that a foreign-owned travel company arranged fishing expeditions to the Amazon region that were in reality sex tours for U. Offers from 20,000 internet users to pay for webcam sex performances were found in a 10-week investigation conducted from a warehouse in Amsterdam, in the Terre des hommes Dutch action against WCST, using "Sweetie", a 3D computer model.OKLAHOMA CITY — A tiger cub who was rejected by her mother at the Philadelphia Zoo can be seen bonding with her adoptive mother and brothers in Oklahoma via live-streaming video.The Oklahoma City Zoo launched the "Tiger Cub Cam " Thursday, showing Zoya with her new mother Lola and brothers Eko, Ramah and Gusti playing, feeding and sleeping indoors.Amur and Sumatran tigers are endangered, with fewer than 500 of each believed to be living in the wild.